Lead the country towards sustainable economic development


The sugar industry has been a major economic contributor to the country over the past 4 decades. Taking a step ahead, the sugar industry is now becoming a major player in the country’s sustainable development, whether it is producing ethanol for sustainable mobility or using bagasse to produce electricity. ‘electricity. The sugar industry has been the flagship of Make in India due to the large-scale cultivation of sugar cane and has the potential to become one of the major producers of ethanol in the world. The Indian government and the sugar sector are collaborating to achieve the target of 20% ethanol blended with petroleum by 2025.

Implications of sugar co-products

Throughout the sugar industry value chain, all residues and co-products (bagasse, molasses, filter cakes – commonly referred to as press sludge) are used as feedstock for other value-added products such as fuel , electricity, value-added chemicals, biodegradable cutlery, and are intended to be used for a host of other products. This helps to increase sustainability by manufacturing a variety of bio-based products.

The use of resources aims to produce green energy (ethanol and electricity), which also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the production of biofuels and chemicals from ethanol. This use in turn provides a model for how a crop such as sugar cane can be used to produce a variety of valuable products used for a variety of applications. The Indian government’s recent Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) program, in which the sugar sector provides a significant share of ethanol, demonstrates that fossil fuels have an alternative, and green fuel produced from cane-based sources sugar is an example of this paradigm. .

The economic benefits

As ethanol is made locally from domestically grown crops, it increases the country’s energy independence and decreases dependence on foreign oil, thereby saving valuable foreign currency.

One of the sources of bioenergy for the sugar industry is compressed biogas, which can contribute to the self-sufficiency of the country’s energy sector. About 3% of the country’s total compressed biogas potential, which is about 2 million tons out of 62 million tons, can be produced from sugar industry co-products such as spent leaching, filter cake, press mud.

India’s sugar sector also aspires to provide farmers with long-term value by improving resource efficiency, rejuvenating ecosystems and boosting rural communities. Experts from the sugar industry, research institutes and Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) constantly strive to promote sustainable farming practices. They regularly educate farmers on new methods of growing sugarcane, improved varieties, water management, biological control methods, bio-fertilizers, mechanization, marketing and product management before and post-harvest to reduce overall environmental impact.


Global markets are in a period of transition, with constant pressure to improve efficiency while pursuing sustainable development. This has increased the demand for all resources including food, feed and energy. Asian countries account for the lion’s share of all demand, with fast-growing economies like India poised to take a quantum leap in economic growth. we rely on imports for 83% of our oil needs, which cost around Rs. 120 billion ($1.74 billion). Biofuels offer the benefits of reducing dependence on crude oil imports, cleaning up the environment, providing additional income to farmers and creating jobs in rural areas. The program complements the Indian government’s aim for Make in India, Swachh Bharat and increased farmers’ incomes. The sugar business is an excellent illustration of a thriving sustainable system with several opportunities for self-sufficiency.



The opinions expressed above are those of the author.



Comments are closed.